Artificial sweeteners have been tied to a significant reduction in fertility, prompting health officials to warn women undergoing in-vitro fertilisation, IVF, to avoid fake and refined sugars.
According to a report in the Financial Times of London, sweeteners and other chemical additives in processed food and drink could make it harder to conceive.
Doctors in Sao Paulo, Brazil, studied the drinking habits of 524 female IVF patients and determined the eggs of those who frequently consumed sugar-free diet drinks were more likely to have problems conceiving and poorer quality eggs and embryos.
A sugar substitute is a food additive that provides a sweet taste like that of sugar while containing significantly less food energy. Some sugar substitutes are produced by nature, and others produced synthetically.
Those that are not produced by nature are, in general, called artificial sweeteners. Today artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are found in a variety of food and beverages; they’re marketed as “sugar-free” or “diet,” including soft drinks, chewing gum, jellies, baked goods, candy, fruit juice, and ice cream and yogurt.
Five artificial sweeteners – acesulfame K, aspartame, neotame, saccharin, sucralose – are approved for use in the United States, U.S, All are chemically manufactured molecules – molecules that do not exist in nature. Artificial sweeteners are used in one of two ways.
They may be used directly in commercially processed foods, or they are mixed with one or more starch-based sweeteners before sale to consumers. Artificial sweeteners are so intensely sweet that dextrose or maltodextrin, or both, must be added to dilute their intense sweetness in order to imitate the sweetness of a sugar.
Artificial sweeteners cannot be sold directly to consumers since only infinitesimally small amounts are required to mimic sugar’s sweet taste.