• Breaking: Sit-tight syndrome over as AU, ECOWAS backed by UN Security Council could now unseat leaders by troops to enforce fair election results

    22/Jan/2017 // 2995 Viewers


    PARIS, JANUARY 22, 2016: (DGW) THE United Nations Security Council has sent a strongly-worded message to West Africa and indeed all of Africa that it is not going to be business as usual in a bid to protect democracy on the continent, BBC West Africa correspondent, Thomas Fessy has reported.

    The message states that ECOWAS and indeed the African Union backed by the United Nations Security Council would henceforth send troops or intervention force to enforce fair election results in the event of reported irregularities in any electoral process.

    According to him, this option was deemed absolutely necessary to check the sit-tight syndrome by African leaders that has often plunged countries on the continent into political crises.

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  • Partial Niger election results show president heading for big win

    22/Mar/2016 // 306 Viewers


    NIAMEY (Reuters) - Niger's President Mahamadou Issoufou is heading for a crushing victory in a run-off election that became a near-formality when the opposition coalition declared a boycott, partial results on Tuesday showed.

    With 226 constituencies counted from a total of 308, Issoufou received 93 percent of Sunday's vote, according to the national electoral commission. Turnout was around 61 percent.

    Issoufou, an ally of the West in its fight against Islamist insurgents in West Africa, won the first round comfortably last month with 48 percent of votes but failed to clinch the outright majority required to avoid a second round.

    The candidate who came second, opposition leader Hama Amadou, has been in jail since November on charges relating to a baby-trafficking scandal, but was flown to France for medical treatment last week.

    Amadou says he is innocent and claims the charges against him are politically motivated.

    The Coalition for an Alternative (COPA), which unites about 20 political parties including Amadou's MODEN, called for a boycott of the polls, claiming the process had been tainted by fraud.

    Southern Niger, which borders Nigeria, has been the target of frequent deadly raids by Islamist Boko Haram militants.

    It also shares borders with Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, where al Qaeda-linked groups are active. Libya, home to Islamic State affiliates, lies on its northern border.

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  • South African police fire stun grenades as students march on parliament

    22/Oct/2015 // 378 Viewers

    Rodger Bosch, AFP | Students from the University of Cape Town clash with South African police after they forced their way into the parliament complex in Cape Town on October 21, 2015.

    South African riot police fired stun grenades on Wednesday at hundreds of protesting students who stormed the parliament precinct in Cape Town to try to disrupt the reading of Finance Minister Nhlanhla Nene's interim budget.

    As chaos erupted around the building, Nene, standing calmly at the podium inside the chamber, read his speech, which gave a gloomy outlook for Africa's most advanced economy.

    The speech was delayed by 45 minutes as MPs from the opposition Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) party raised questions of order, arguing the budget should be delayed because of student protests over planned increases in 2016 tuition fees.

    Scuffles broke out as parliamentary security guards were called in to forcibly remove the EFF members.

    At that point, hundreds of students demanding the government scrap the planned tuition hike stormed the parliament compound.

    "We were pushed back by police with force. The stun grenade was shot right next to my ear. I still have the buzzing in my ear," said Motheo Lengoasa, a student at University of Cape Town, as others chanted and sang songs demanding lower fees.

    Earlier she had lain prostate on the ground in front of the entrance to the National Assembly where Nene was speaking.

    "This looks like 1976 all over again," she said, referring to the Soweto uprising where police killed at least 69 students who were protesting plans to teach them in Afrikaans.

    When higher education minister Blade Nzimande tried to address the students, they waved placards saying, "Fees must fall, education for all" and "Blade must go."

    Student revolt

    President Jacob Zuma, who wore a stony expression through Nene's speech, has not commented on the protests, some of them violent, that have disrupted at least 14 of South Africa's universities in the past week. Many students have no personal recollection of apartheid and thus little emotional allegiance to the ruling African National Congress.

    South African universities initially wanted to increase tuition fees by up to 11.5 percent, prompting students to launch their campaign on Oct. 13.

    Critics have said the increase would further disadvantage black students, who are already relatively under-represented.

    The protesters, who included white students, have rejected a proposal from some student leaders, university heads and Higher Education Minister Blade Nzimande to cap fee increases at 6 percent for 2016, just above inflation.

    Three students were hurt during a rally in the Eastern Cape as protesters threw stones and burned tyres and police fired rubber bullets and stun grenades. It was not clear what caused their injuries.

    University bosses said the increases were needed to maintain standards and they urged the government to find the extra funding. The government, which pays subsidies to universities, said it could not afford to pay for free education as demanded by the students, who chanted "Zero, Zero, Zero", referring to fees.

    Government bonds fell sharply and the rand weakened more than 1.5 percent as the chaos erupted.

    "We need to find a sustainable way of dealing with the issue of financing education in general ... We do need to find a solution," Nene told reporters before reading his budget speech.

    Nene later told Reuters in an interview that a process to take money from other skills development funds and move them to university education was already under way.

    In his budget, he trimmed his deficit estimate for the year 2015/16 to 3.8 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) from 3.9 percent forecast in February, forecasting a 3.3 percent gap in 2016/17 and 3 percent in 2018/19.

    Nene told parliament the economic growth forecast for 2015 had been cut to 1.5 percent from 2.0 percent forecast in February due to "electricity supply constraints, falling commodity prices and lower confidence levels."

    "Leaving aside the politically-motivated drama from the EFF ... at first sight the news is still negative. Growth forecasts were revised down as expected," said Razia Khan, chief economist, Africa at Standard Chartered Bank.


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  • Pix of the iconic former President Jonathan in Tanzania to observe the presidential election.

    22/Oct/2015 // 725 Viewers

    In his capacity as the Chairman of Commonwealth Observer Group, former President Jonathan of Nigeria is presently in the east African nation of Tanzania to monitor the country's presidential election billed for Sunday, October 25. See pix below: 


    Ahead of the hotly contested Sunday's Presidential election the former Nigerian leader however advised the presidential aspirants to respect the supreme wishes of the people in the event of defeat in order to move their great country forward.






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  • Breaking News! Tragedy as train derails, 73 dead, 600 injured

    22/Oct/2016 // 1947 Viewers


    PARIS, OCTOBER 22, 2016: (DGW) NO  fewer than seventy-three people were killed on Saturday when an overloaded train derailed with dead bodies strewn on rail tracks, Fox News has reported. The train mishap happened in Cameroon which attracted rescued workers  and hospital staff.

    Fox News further reported that officials initially put the death tool at 53 while more than 600 people were reported injured and were thereafter taken to hospitals in the capital, Yaounde, and the port city where the train was going, Douala.

    Rescue workers did not readily open up to the press as one of them who later spoke on condition of anonymity said existing laws barred them from speaking to the press.

    According to Fox News, the train carried about 1,300 passengers, instead of its capacity of 600. The passenger load was higher because a road had collapsed due to landslides following heavy rains between Yaounde and Douala.

    The 30-year-old railway line and train could not carry the load, officials told state radio.

    President Paul Biya ordered the evacuation of the injured to the country's two main cities because Eseka's hospital was overwhelmed, with only about 60 beds, said transport minister Edgard Alain Mebe Ngo'o.

    "I am calling on everyone to double efforts to save the lives of the injured," Ngo'o said.

    One of those injured died as he arrived in Douala, and "we are doing everything possible to save the lives of the close to 200 victims sent to Douala," said Governor Ivaha Diboua Dieudonne of the western Littoral region.

    The circumstances that led to the accident will be investigated, government spokesman Issa Tchiroma said.

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  • Somalia bans Christmas and New Year festivities

    23/Dec/2015 // 357 Viewers

     AFP | Somalia's government says Christmas festivities might attract Islamist attacks

    MOGADISHU (AFP) - Somalia's government has banned celebrations of Christmas and New Year in the Muslim majority country, saying the festivities might attract Islamist attacks.

    "All events related to Christmas and New Year celebrations are contrary to Islamic culture, which could damage the faith of the Muslim community," the director general of the religious affairs ministry told reporters on Tuesday.

    Sheikh Mohamed Khayrow said security forces had been ordered to break up any such celebrations. "There should be no activity at all," he said.

    Sheikh Nur Barud Gurhan, of the Supreme Religious Council of Somalia, said that non-Muslim festivities might provoke the ire of the Shebab, East Africa's Al-Qaeda branch, which is headquartered in Somalia.

    "We are warning against the celebration of such events which are not relevant to the principles of our religion," Gurhan added, saying it could provoke the Shebab "to carry out attacks".

    Last year Shebab militants launched a Christmas attack on Mogadishu airport that killed at least 12 people.

    Somalia is at least the second Muslim majority country to ban Christmas this year, after Brunei announced a similar prohibition. Somalia also issued a previous ban in 2013.

    Somalia also follows the Islamic calendar that does not recognise January 1 as the beginning of the year.

    There are almost no Christians left living in Somalia, although a bombed-out Italian-built Catholic cathedral remains a city landmark in the capital Mogadishu.

    Foreign diplomats, aid workers and soldiers living in the fortified airport compound are permitted to hold private parties.




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  • Breaking: Libya plane diverted to Malta in ‘potential hijack’ with 118 aboard

    23/Dec/2016 // 614 Viewers


    LONDON — An apparently hijacked Libyan passenger plane landed on the Mediterranean island of Malta on Friday, with local media reporting that 118 people were aboard.

    The Times of Malta and other outlets reported that two hijackers had threatened to blow up the Afriqiyah Airways Airbus A320, which was on a domestic flight in Libya when it diverted to Malta.

    The Maltese prime minister, Joseph Muscat, tweeted: “Informed of potential hijack situation of a #Libya internal flight diverted to #Malta. Security and emergency operations standing by.”

    He later added that the flight had taken off from the Libyan city of Sabha, and was due to land in the capital, Tripoli. But the flight was "diverted" to Malta. He said that security services were "coordinating operations."

    If the reports of a hijacking prove true, it would bring another security crisis to the European Union just days after an attack on a Berlin Christmas market killed 12 people. Malta, a tiny nation of less than half a million people, is a member of the European Union. The main suspect in the Berlin attack, a Tunisian, was killed Friday in a shootout with Italian police.

    Malta lies south of Sicily, about 300 miles from the Libyan coast. Libya has been embroiled in civil war since a 2011 uprising deposed longtime dictator Moammar Gaddafi. - Washington Post

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  • We'd work with new Gambian Gov't to ensure Jammeh returns home soon, departure from country temporary – ECOWAS, AU, UN

    23/Jan/2017 // 3036 Viewers


    The ECOWAS, African Union and UN have said they would work with the new Gambian government to ensure that former President Jammeh was at liberty to return to the country when he wanted.

    The former president left Banjul on Saturday to go into exile after he was pressurised by the ECOWAS to rescind his earlier decision not to accept the outcome of Dec. 1 presidential election, which saw him losing to the opposition candidate, Adama Bbarrow.

    Jammeh’s return would be in accordance with international human rights law and his rights as a citizen and a former head of state, they stated in a joint declaration in Banjul.

    They commended the “goodwill and statesmanship” of the former president for facilitating “an immediate peaceful and orderly transition process and transfer of power to President Adama Barrow in accordance with the Gambian constitution”.

    They also commended him for his interest in the Gambian people and preserving the peace, stability and security in the country.

    The declaration stated that Jammeh’s departure from The Gambia on Saturday was temporary adding that it was in order to assist a peaceful and orderly transition and transfer of power and the establishment of a new government.

    The blocs noted that his leaving was without any prejudice to his rights as a citizen, a former president and a political party leader.

    They further assured that host countries that would offer “African hospitality” to the former president and his family do not become undue targets of harassment, intimidation and all other pressures and sanctions.

    They also committed to work with the current government to prevent the seizure of assets and property lawfully belonging to Jammeh or his family and those of his cabinet members, government officials and party supporters.

    “Further, ECOWAS, the AU and the UN commit to work with the Government of The Gambia to ensure that it fully guarantees, assures and ensures the dignity, security, safety and rights of former President Jammeh’s immediate family, cabinet members, government officials, Security Officials and party supporters and loyalists.

    “ECOWAS, the AU and the UN urge the Government of The Gambia to take all necessary measures to assure and ensure that there is no intimidation, harassment and/or witch-hunting of former regime members and supporters, in conformity with the Constitution and other laws of The Gambia,” they stated.

    The regional organisations said they would work with the government on national reconciliation to “avoid any recriminations”.

    They also assured that they would take all measures to support the maintenance of the integrity of the security forces and guard against all measures that would create division and a breakdown of order.
    “Pursuant to this declaration, ECOWAS will halt any military operations in The Gambia and will continue to pursue peaceful and political resolution of the crisis.”

    Meanwhile, President Adama Barrow has said he would return to The Gambia on Monday.

    Barrow confirmed this on his twitter handle, @adama_barrow, on Sunday.
    He said: “I will be returning to my homeland, the Republic of The Gambia tomorrow. #Gambia.”

    Barrow, who took the oath of office in the Gambian Embassy in Senegal on Thursday, has assured citizens who fled that “they now have the liberty to return home”.

    He succeeded Yahya Jammeh, who lost in the Dec. 1 presidential election and refused to vacate office when his 22-year rule expired midnight on Thursday. (NAN)

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  • Security fears mount as rival jihadists claim Mali hotel attack

    23/Nov/2015 // 414 Viewers

    © Issouf Sanogo, AFP | Malian police guard the Radisson Blu hotel in Bamako on November 22, 2015

    Two jihadist groups, working in conjunction with other Islamist militant groups, have claimed the deadly November 20 attack on a Bamako luxury hotel, underscoring the worsening security in Mali.

    Exactly a week after the Paris attacks, gunmen stormed a luxury hotel -- considered one of the safest places for internationals -- in the Malian capital of Bamako in a brazen attack that underscores the threat undermining the West African nation’s road to political and economic recovery.

    Days after the attack on the Radisson Blu, a number of details surrounding the assault remain unclear. The death toll is disputed, with Malian authorities saying 20 people were killed in the hotel while initial reports put the figure as high as 27.

    The number of attackers is also disputed. One of the two jihadist groups that have taken responsibility for the attack has maintained that there were only two gunmen. Another militant group claims there were five, three of whom escaped. Meanwhile, witnesses and some government officials have indicated that there were around 10 gunmen in the hotel, but since the attack the bodies of only two gunman have been recovered from the scene.

    Capping the uncertainty are two rival -- or probably even collaborative -- claims of responsibility for the most high-profile attack in Mali since a 2013 French military operation succeeded in wresting northern Mali from militant control, if not necessarily eliminating the threat posed by jihadist groups.

    Hours after gunmen shouting, “Allahu Akbar,” (“God is great,” in Arabic) stormed the hotel, the jihadist group al-Mourabitoun claimed it carried out the attack in a joint operation with al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM).

    But days later, a little-known group called the Macina Liberation Front took responsibility for the Radisson Blu attack.

    The dueling claims are an indication of the mercurial nature of jihadist movements in Mali, where groups merge, splinter, re-group, break away and cooperate like the shifting sands that blow through this beltway straddling the Sahara and sub-Saharan Africa.

    Hallmarks of a Belmokhtar attack

    Al-Mourabitoun is a group led by veteran Islamist militant Mokhtar Belmokhtar, whose fighting career dates back to the al Qaeda training camps in Afghanistan, followed by the 1990s Algerian civil war. The Algerian jihadist -- whose monikers include “Laâouar” ("one-eyed" in Arabic)– was an AQIM (Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb) commander before he split from al Qaeda’s North African branch in 2012 over a power feud.

    As the leader of the breakaway al-Mouwakoune bi-Dimaa (“Those Who Sign in Blood”) Belmokhtar took credit for the daring January 2013 attack on the In Amenas gas plant in southern Algeria, which killed 40 people, mostly foreign nationals.

    Months later, the Algerian jihadist announced the merger of his al-Mouwakoune bi-Dimaa group with another group, MUJAO (Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa). The new group was called al-Mourabitoun (the Sentinels) and the statement announcing its presence in the already crowded jihadist scene proclaimed its mission was to “rout” France and its allies.

    Last week’s Bamako hotel attack bore the hallmarks of a Belmokhtar operation: a high-profile target, where foreign nationals can be held hostage ensuring international media coverage. Acknowledging the veteran jihadist’s signature just hours after al-Mourabitoun claimed the attack, French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian told reporters on Friday that Belmokhtar “was likely” behind the attack.

    Indeed two days later, al-Mourabitoun released another statement, this time an audio message affirming the hotel attack was conducted by two Mourabitoun militants, identified as Abdel Hakim al-Ansari and Moadh al-Ansari, according to a Mauritanian news site that receives messages from West African jihadist groups.

    A Fulani group enters the fray

    The al-Mourabitoun audio statement followed the rival claim by the Macina Liberation Front over the weekend.

    Adding to the confusion, the Macina Liberation Front statement maintained there were five attackers in the Radisson Blu attack, including “three who came out safe and sound”.

    The Macina group first caught the attention of the international community earlier this year, when locals in the central Malian region around Mopti reported human rights abuses such as execution-style killings by a new group calling themselves the Macina Liberation Front.

    The rise of a new group in the central Malian region underscored the increasing insecurity in the impoverished West African nation despite the presence of a 10,000-member UN force, MINUSMA.

    Led by Amadou Kufa, a radical preacher of Fulani ethnicity, the Massina Liberation Front gets its name from the Macina Empire [sometimes spelled Massina] – a 19th century Fulani state spread across what is now the Mopti and Segou regions of Mali.

    Enter Ansar Dine and another old warrior

    In a communiqué sent to AFP and FRANCE 24 sister radio station RFI (Radio France International), the Macina Liberation Front claimed to have conducted the Radisson Blu attack in conjunction with Ansar Dine, a predominantly Tuareg group from northern Mali.

    Led by Iyad Ag Ghali, a former Malian diplomat turned jihadist leader, Ansar Dine’s stronghold has been the northern Kidal region, where Ag Ghali was born and raised. Its fighters are predominantly drawn from Ag Ghali’s Kel Iforas clan and had a reputation for brutality in 2012, when the group controlled the region before the January 2013 French military operation.

    According to J. Peter Pham, head of the Atlantic Council’s Africa Centre, there appears to be evidence that the Macina Liberation Front arose among ethnic Fulani Islamists influenced by preachers with links to Ag Ghali.

    In an interview with the International Business Times earlier this year, Pham noted that, “The use of the name and appeal to the history of Macina may be a vehicle to make Iyad Ag Ghali’s Islamism more palatable to [the] Fulani.”

    Global jihadist war for supremacy in Africa

    Into this complex web of local allegiances and alliances, a global jihadist agenda appears to be at play, according to Philippe Hugon of the Paris-based IRIS (French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs).

    The rival claims, according to Hugon, could be due to the fact "that each group wants to win the media war.”

    The propaganda wars could be linked to the supremacy contest being waged thousands of miles and an ocean away from Africa’s dusty Sahel region.

    While al Qaeda and the Islamic State group battle it out for relevance on the global jihadist stage, African jihadist groups are playing a game of checkers, aligning themselves with the new jihadist superpower or reaffirming their commitment to an old one.

    Shortly after al-Mourabitoun announced its presence in August 2014, Mauritania's al-Akhbar news website posted a recording of a speaker calling himself Adnan Abu Waleed al-Sahrawi claiming to speak on behalf of the new group and urging all jihadist groups to follow the Islamic State group's self-proclaimed caliph, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

    But al-Mourabitoun's pledge of allegiance to the Islamic State group was quickly refuted by Belmokhtar, who issued a statement saying the pledge was invalid as it had not been approved by al-Mourabitoun's shura council.

    Days later, Belmokhtar maintained the new group had pledged allegiance to al Qaeda leaders in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region – and not the group’s North Africa branch.
    Whatever the claims and counter-claims, the global jihadist power struggle is causing ripples in West Africa and this does not bode well for peace and stability in Mali.



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  • Al-Shabaab follows Boko Haram, pledges allegiance to ISIS

    23/Oct/2015 // 356 Viewers

    A high-ranking member and spiritual leader of Al-Shabaab has pledged allegiance to ISIS, a move that further fractures the Somali-based jihadi group and spreads the reach of ISIS farther into Africa.

    The report that formerly UK-based Abdul Qadir Mumin had sworn loyalty to ISIS came from a source familiar with Al-Shabaab and was supported by a U.S. intelligence source, who said Mumin’s pledge came in a video that is expected to be released online.

    In the video, Mumin, along with several other jihadis based in Somalia’s Central Region, swear their allegiance to ISIS. Some known Al-Shabaab members have already done so online.

    Al-Shabaab’s leadership pledged loyalty to al Qaeda in 2012.

    The Al-Shabaab-linked source told CNN that members of the group now fear for their lives as other political leaders systematically try to root out possible ISIS supporters within their ranks.

    Sources within Al-Shabaab say the announcement is not totally unexpected. For weeks, Al-Shabaab’s secret police, known as the Amniyat, have been arresting and jailing members within the insurgent group who they believed would switch their allegiance from al Qaeda to ISIS. The source close to the jihadi group told CNN from inside Somalia that the situation within the group is “tense,” and likened it to a “state of emergency.”

    Mumin is thought to be currently based in the mountainous Puntland region of northern Somalia, and thus unlikely to be persecuted or reached by the Amniyat, which operates mostly in southern Somalia.

    The split is more significant in symbolism than in numbers.

    Sources within Somalia’s security apparatus estimate that about 100 fighters would likely defect to ISIS, among the estimated 1,400-strong insurgent group.

    Yet the defections are mostly coming from the younger members, while the older members maintain allegiance to al Qaeda. A Western diplomat inside Somalia told CNN the defection demonstrates a discontent with the current status quo, and shows that ISIS may be more appealing to younger, more impressionable jihadis.

    “What does ISIS hold for these disaffected members of Al-Shabaab?” asked the western diplomat. “What is the ‘wedding gift,’ so to speak? This is about technical expertise and funding. Al-Shabaab’s money streams are being depleted by the current war. ISIS could be seen as really attractive on one hand, and dangerous on another. This is a sort of terrorists’ conundrum.”

    One analyst explained ISIS’ effectiveness in using modern technology to recruit new members.

    “Many experts and scholars view (ISIS) as a juggernaut that the international community simply cannot oppose because they use violence so brutally and then disseminate it so effectively over social media in an effort to recruit new members and intimidate opposing forces,” said terrorism expert Max Abrahms, based in the United States.

    Al-Shabaab’s leadership, however, is still very much pro-al Qaeda. Its most recent propaganda video, showing a deadly attack on Burundian soldiers fighting for the African Union in Southern Somalia, used quotes from the late al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden and the group’s current leader, Ayman al-Zawahiri. “This is a subtle way of intimating the leadership’s loyalty to al Qaeda,” says a source close to Somalia’s intelligence service, NISA.

    Al-Shabaab’s current leader — Ahmad Umar — has been described by his followers as ruling with an iron fist, perhaps using the possible ISIS defection as pretext to take out those who have spoken up against the leadership or their policies and suppress opposition.

    “This … iron fist policy … has caused discontent in the ranks of the Mujahideen,” the source close to Al-Shabaab told CNN, referring to foreign fighters. “Many Muhajirs (foreign fighters and members of the diaspora) were trying to leave and the harakah (leadership) is trying to make them stay.”

    The leadership wants to keep the non-Somali fighters inside Somalia and keep them pro-al Qaeda to continue to make their operation appear legitimate, the source added.

    “Al-Shabaab won’t have a jihadi legitimacy if they don’t have muhajideen (foreign fighters) within their ranks,” the source said. “They were built on welcoming foreign fighters, and having them in the movement’s hierarchy from the very first day.”

    The defection of some Al-Shabaab members to a pro-ISIS allegiance is a serious win for the Islamist terror group and potentially spreads its reach from Iraq and Syria through to North Africa, then to West Africa through Nigeria’s Boko Haram group and now to East Africa, potentially as far as the borders of Kenya.

    “The Islamic State has been trying to recruit Somalis and members of Al-Shabaab for a while, it helps ISIS color in their map just that bit more,” says a Somali intelligence source speaking from the capital, Mogadishu.

    The defection also shows a certain division within its ranks.

    The source close to Al-Shabaab told CNN he thought it was “the worst idea ever.”

    “Morally — I see (ISIS) as a deviant, bloodthisty tyrannical group,” he said. “I don’t know why I would join them. (ISIS) cannot get us heavy weaponry or fill our ranks with men and expertise due to geographical issues. The only thing we would gain from joining them is momentum.”

    Somalia said its battle against terrorists will not be affected by any name changes.

    “The government … does not alter any bit on its commitment and drive to annihilate the forces of evil extremism from its land whether they change their name, affiliation or not,” said Abdisalam Aato, the government spokesman.

    “We as a government will continue to eradicate them from the small pocket they are remained with.”


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